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Froghoppers (Aphrophoridae)


Alder Spittlebug Aphrophora alni (Fallén, 1805)

Aphrophora alni
  • Cambridge, Byron's Pool TL435545, 5 Aug 2014
  • Larger than the Common Frog-hopper and more constant in pattern
  • Found on a wide variety of trees and shrubs
  • NBN Atlas


Common Frog-hopper Philaenus spumarius (Linnaeus, 1758)

Philaenus spumarius Philaenus spumarius
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street, 28 & 23 Jun 2001
  • Two forms of a very variable species
  • The adults of the "cuckoo-spit" nymphs, About 6mm long
  • Very common throughout Britain. NBN Atlas


Leaf hoppers (Cicadellidae)


Agallia consobrina Curtis, 1833

Agallia consobrina Agallia consobrina
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street, 31 Aug 2014
  • A common species among low plants across Britain. Feeds on grass. NBN Atlas


Balclutha punctata (Fabricius, 1775)

Balclutha punctata Balclutha punctata
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street, 30 Aug 2014
  • Variably marked, the dark marks ranging from bold bands to non-existent, and the base colour varies to green.
  • Normally found on grasses, overwinters on conifers.
  • NBN Atlas


Conosanus obsoletus (Kirshbaum, 1858)

Conosanus obsoletus
  • Cambridge, Barnwell East LNR TL479583, 4 July 2017
  • Distinctive V-shape of four dark marks on the vertex.
  • Said to be common in damp habitats where rushes are present, although this site is fairly dry.
  • NBN Atlas


Empoasca vitis (Göthe, 1875)

Empoasca vitis
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street, 3 Sep 2014
  • Found on deciduous trees in summer, hibernates on evergreens.
  • Distinguished by the blueish-looking cell that runs obliquely up the forewings.
  • NBN Atlas


Eupteryx atropunctata (Goeze, 1778)

Eupteryx atropunctata Eupteryx atropunctata
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street, 28 Jul 2014
  • See comparison notes on next species.
  • Found on potato, mallow and sage.
  • Mostly central to eastern England. NBN Atlas


Eupteryx aurata (Linnaeus, 1758)

Eupteryx aurata Eupteryx aurata
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street, 13 Aug 2014; 11 Jun 2015
  • E. atropunctata is very similar, though a more greenish yellow and less strongly marked. aurata has two large dark markings on the pronotum, and may have two small ones at the front, as can just be seen here. In atropunctata the two main markings are narrower.
  • Often found on potato. This species can be a pest by damaging the chlorophyll.
  • Common across southern England. NBN Atlas


Eupteryx decemnotata Rey, 1891

Eupteryx decemnotata Eupteryx decemnotata
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street, 24 & 27 Aug 2014
  • Similar to E. melissae (below) and E. thoulessi, but those have a central dark mark on the apex while in this species the dark marks are all in pairs.
  • First noted in Britain in 2002. Like E. melissae it feeds on sage.
  • NBN Atlas (somewhat out of date)


Eupteryx filicum (Newman, 1853)

Eupteryx filicum
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street, 19 Jun 2016
  • Found on ferns (an unusual habitat)
  • Scattered records from south & midlands. NBN Atlas


Eupteryx melissae Curtis, 1837

Eupteryx melissae
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street, 24 Aug 2014
  • Usually found on leaves of sage (Salvia)
  • Also affects other herbs: balm, basil, lavender, mint, marjoram, oregano, rosemary and thyme.
  • Soutern and eastern England. NBN Atlas


Eupteryx urticae (Fabricius, 1803)

Eupteryx urticae
  • Cambridge, Mill Road Cemetery TL462583, 31 Aug 2014
  • Differs from E. cyclops in the triangle on the apex, which in cyclops extends to between the dark dots. In southern areas cyclops prefers damp habitats.
  • On nettles, as its Latin name suggests, and other low vegetation.
  • Across England south of Yorkshire, and Wales. NBN Atlas


Eupteryx vittata (Linnaeus, 1758)

Eupteryx vittata
  • Cambridge, Barnwell East LNR, TL478581. 7 Jul 2015.
  • Found on a wide range of flowering plants, often in meadows and open woods, including Ranunculus, Glechoma, Mentha and Plantago.
  • Found throughout Great Britain. NBN Atlas


Euscelis incisus (Kirshbaum, 1858)

Euscelis incisus
  • Cambridge, Barnwell East LNR, TL479583, 28 Jul 2015.
  • A very common grassland species throughout most of Britain.
  • NBN Atlas


Evacanthus acuminatus (Fabricius, 1794)

Evacanthus acuminatus
  • Cambridge, Barnwell East LNR, TL478581. 7 Jul 2015.
  • In grassy places and wayside vegetation, often in woods.
  • Reasonably common, and widespread in southern Britain (northwards to at least Yorkshire), but rarely abundant. NBN Atlas


Graphocraerus ventralis (Fallén, 1806)

Graphocraerus ventralis
  • Cambridge, Coldhams Common TL474583, 30 May 2017.
  • Distinguished from other pale leafhoppers by the row of 4 black marks across the vertex.
  • On grasses. Local, mostly eastern England. NBN Atlas


Japananus hyalinus (Osborn, 1900)

Japananus hyalinus
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street, 28 Aug 2014
  • NEW TO BRITAIN. This sighting was the first from the wild received by the Auchenorrhyncha Recording Scheme (the species had previously been found on imported maple stock in garden centres).
  • Native to Eastern Asia, introduced into the USA before 1900 and to Central Europe around 1960, from where it has gradually spread.
  • Its natural food plants are Acer japonicum and A. palmatum: in Europe it has been found on Field Maple, Norway Maple and Sycamore. It is not thought to be a threat to the cultivation of these species (Walczak, Musik & Mokrzycka, 2012; Rapid Pest Risk Analysis, 2014).
  • Thanks to Dr Herbert Nickel of the University of Göttingen for identifying the photo on Flickr
  • I have written this up at greater length as the Japananus hyalinus Homepage and authored a paper which was published in the British Journal of Entomology & Natural History.
  • NBN Atlas (no records shown)


Lamprotettix nitidulus (Fabricius, 1794)

Lamprotettix nitidulus
  • Nymph. Cambridge, Barnwell East LNR, TL478581. 7 Jul 2015.
  • Locally common across much of England, Wales and Ireland, usually on trees. NBN Atlas


Macrosteles variatus (Fallén, 1806)

Macrosteles variatus
  • Cambridge, Perse Girls School Reserve, TL446570. 21 Jun 2016
  • Prefers nettles (Urtica dioica) but may also feed on other plants.
  • Scattered across cental Britain. NBN Atlas


Metidiocerus rutilans (Kirschbaum, 1868)

Metidiocerus rutilans
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street, 7 May 2001
  • Only seen on a garden seat - reported to live on sallows and overwinter on pines
  • There are many similarly shaped species in the genus Idiocerus and its close relatives, many of them greenish. This one has a brown scutellum with a pale tip, and a distinctive pattern of black and white wing veins.
  • Southern, mostly south-eastern. NBN Atlas


Mocydia crocea (Herrich-Schaeffer, 1836)

Mocydia crocea Mocydia crocea
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street, 23 Aug 2014
  • Similar species in genus Mocydiopsis differ in the ways the cells connect near the wingtips
  • Host plants are tall grasses.
  • Throughout England and coastal Wales. NBN Atlas


Orientus ishidae (Matsumura, 1902)

Orientus ishidae Orientus ishidae
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street, 19 Sep 2014. Nymph 30 Jul 2015.
  • A Japanese species first found in Europe (Switzerland) 2002 and in England 2011.
  • Many plants can act as host including willows and hornbeam; in Italy and Slovenia it is suspected of being a disease vector on grape-vines.
  • The nymphs, as seen on the right, are quite variable in colour.
  • NBN Atlas (a single record)


Ribautiana tenerrima (Herrich-Schaeffer, 1834)

Ribautiana tenerrima
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street, 21 Sep 2014.
  • Distinguished by the boldness of the diagonal white lines across the wings
  • Feeds on brambles and other plants
  • England and Wales. NBN Atlas


Synophropsis lauri Horvath, 1897

lauri
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street, 25 Sep 2014.
  • A leaf-hopper of south-east European origin, first noted in Britain 2007.
  • Feeds on bay and ivy.
  • Small dark marks along the suture are distinctive. Antennae very long.
  • Quite large for a leaf-hopper at over 6mm.
  • NBN Atlas (no records)


Zygina flammigera (Geoffroy in Fourcroy, 1785)

Zygina flammigera
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street, 19 Sep 2014.
  • Recognised by the brown scutellum and the unshaded area behind (where Z. angusta is shaded)
  • Feeds on a variety of trees and other plants
  • NBN Atlas


Zyginella pulchra Löw 1885

Zyginella pulchra
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street, 17 Oct 2004. Male.
  • A recent immigrant to the UK, first recorded in Kent in 2001.
  • Only males have the distinctive flag marking.
  • The host plant is typically sycamore.
  • NBN Atlas (few records)


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