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Aphids (Lachnidae)

Giant willow aphid Tuberolachnus salignus (Gmellin 1790)

Tuberolachnus salignus
  • Cambridge, 12 Nov 2000.
  • Forms clusters on willow trees and can be a pest, but this one was walking by itself on an autumn morning. Perhaps it was looking for somewhere to hibernate.
  • The largest aphid, this one has body length 5mm
  • Males of this species have not been found, reproduction is believed to be entirely parthenogenic. Winged female forms exist.

Froghoppers (Aphrophoridae)

Common Frog-hopper Philaenus spumarius (Linnaeus, 1758)

Philaenus spumarius Philaenus spumarius
  • Cambridge, 28 & 23 Jun 2001
  • Two forms of a very variable species
  • The adults of the "cuckoo-spit" nymphs
  • About 6mm long

Leaf hoppers (Cicadellidae)

Agallia consobrina Curtis, 1833

Agallia consobrina Agallia consobrina
  • Cambridge, 31 Aug 2014
  • A common species among low plants across Britain. Feeds on grass.

Balclutha punctata (Fabricius, 1775)

Balclutha punctata Balclutha punctata
  • Cambridge, 30 Aug 2014
  • Variably marked, the dark marks ranging from bold bands to non-existent, and the base colour varies to green.
  • Normally found on grasses, overwinters on conifers.

Eupteryx atropunctata (Goeze, 1778)

Eupteryx atropunctata Eupteryx atropunctata
  • Cambridge, 28 Jul 2014
  • See comparison notes on next species.
  • Found on potato, mallow and sage.

Eupteryx aurata (Linnaeus, 1758)

Eupteryx aurata Eupteryx aurata
  • Cambridge, 13 Aug 2014
  • E. atropunctata is very similar, though a more greenish yellow and less strongly marked. aurata has two large dark markings on the pronotum, and may have two small ones at the front, as can just be seen here. In atropunctata the two main markings are narrower.
  • Often found on potato. This species can be a pest by damaging the chlorophyll.

Eupteryx decemnotata Rey, 1891

Eupteryx decemnotata Eupteryx decemnotata
  • Cambridge, 24 & 27 Aug 2014
  • Similar to E. melissae (below) and E. thoulessi, but those have a central dark mark on the apex while in this species the dark marks are all in pairs.
  • First noted in Britain in 2002. Like E. melissae it feeds on sage.

Eupteryx melissae Curtis, 1837

Eupteryx melissae
  • Cambridge, 24 Aug 2014
  • Usually found on leaves of sage (Salvia)
  • Also affects other herbs: balm, basil, lavender, mint, marjoram, oregano, rosemary and thyme.

Eupteryx urticae (Fabricius, 1803)

Eupteryx urticae
  • Cambridge, Mill Road Cemetery TL462583, 31 Aug 2014
  • Differs from E. cyclops in the triangle on the apex, which in cyclops extends to between the dark dots. In southern areas cyclops prefers damp habitats.
  • On nettles, as its Latin name suggests, and other low vegetation.

Japananus hyalinus (Osborn, 1900)

Japananus hyalinus
  • Cambridge, 28 Aug 2014
  • NEW TO BRITAIN. This sighting was the first from the wild received by the Auchenorrhyncha Recording Scheme; the species had previously been found on imported maple stock in garden centres.
  • Native to Eastern Asia, introduced into the USA before 1900 and to Central Europe around 1960, from where it has gradually spread.
  • Its natural food plants are Acer japonicum and A. palmatum: in Europe it has been found on Field Maple, Norway Maple and Sycamore. It is not thought to be a threat to the cultivation of these species (Walczak, Musik & Mokrzycka, 2012; Rapid Pest Risk Analysis, 2014).
  • Thanks to Dr Herbert Nickel of the University of Göttingen for identifying the photo on Flickr
  • I have written this up at greater length as the JAPANANUS HYALINUS HOMEPAGE

Metidiocerus rutilans (Kirschbaum, 1868)

Metidiocerus rutilans
  • Cambridge, 7 May 2001
  • Only seen on a garden seat - reported to live on sallows and overwinter on pines
  • There are many similarly shaped species in the genus Idiocerus and its close relatives, many of them greenish. This one has a brown scutellum with a pale tip, and a distinctive pattern of black and white wing veins.

Mocydia crocea (Herrich-Schaeffer, 1836)

Mocydia crocea Mocydia crocea
  • Cambridge, 23 Aug 2014
  • Similar species in genus Mocydiopsis differ in the ways the cells connect near the wingtips
  • Host plants are tall grasses.

Orientus ishidae (Matsumura, 1902)

Orientus ishidae Orientus ishidae
  • Cambridge, 19 Sep 2014
  • A Japanese species first found in Europe (Switzerland) 2002 and in England 2011.
  • Many plants can act as host including willows and hornbeam; in Italy and Slovenia is is suspected of being a disease vector on grape-vines.
  • The nymphs, as seen on the right, are quite variable in colour.

Ribautiana tenerrima (Herrich-Schaeffer, 1834)

Ribautiana tenerrima
  • Cambridge, 21 Sep 2014.
  • Distinguished by the boldness of the diagonal white lines across the wings
  • Feeds on brambles and other plants

Synophropsis lauri Horvath, 1897

  • Cambridge, 25 Sep 2014.
  • A leaf-hopper of south-east European origin, first noted in Britain 2007.
  • Feeds on bay and ivy.
  • Small dark marks along the suture are distinctive. Antennae very long.
  • Quite large for a leaf-hopper at over 6mm.

Zygina flammigera (Geoffroy in Fourcroy, 1785)

Zygina flammigera
  • Cambridge, 19 Sep 2014.
  • Recognised by the brown scutellum and the unshaded area behind (where Z. angusta is shaded)
  • Feeds on a variety of trees and other plants

Zyginella pulchra Löw 1885

Zyginella pulchra
  • Cambridge, 17 Oct 2004. Male.
  • A recent immigrant to the UK, first recorded in Kent in 2001.
  • Only males have the distinctive flag marking.
  • The host plant is typically sycamore.

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