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Ghost Moth Hepialus humuli (Linnaeus, 1758)

Hepialus humuli Hepialus humuli
  • Family: Hepialidae (BF: 14)
  • (l) Female: (Adams Road sanctuary TL434586) 26 Jun 2012
  • (r) Male: (Barnwell East LNR TL479582) 5 Jul 2016
  • The common name refers to the pure white males.
  • The larvae feed underground on roots.
  • Hepialidae are considered to be very primitive moths. They have very short antennae and lack a functional proboscis.
  • NBN Atlas
  • Enlarged image


Orange Swift Triodia sylvina (Linnaeus, 1761)

Triodia sylvina
  • Family: Hepialidae (BF: 15)
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street 12 Aug 2003
  • The males (as here) are smaller and more brightly coloured than the females.
  • The larvae of this species also feed underground on roots.
  • This species was until recently included in genus Hepialus, some lists still place it there.
  • NBN Atlas
  • Enlarged image


Stigmella aurella (Fabricius, 1775)

Stigmella aurella
  • Family: Nepticulidae (BF: 50)
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street 27 Sep 2014
  • A tiny moth little more than 3mm long, with a distinctive orange top-knot.
  • The larvae are leaf miners on brambles.
  • NBN Atlas


Nemophora cupriacella (Hübner, 1819)

Nemophora cupriacella
  • Family: Adelidae (BF: 146)
  • Cambridge (Mill Road Cemetery, TL461581) 16 Jul 2015
  • The larvae feed on scabious (Knautia, Succisa or Scabiosa), initially on the seeds, later building a case and feeding on fallen and lower leaves.
  • NBN Atlas


Nemophora degeerella (Linnaeus, 1758)

Nemophora degeerella Nemophora degeerella
  • Family: Adelidae (BF: 148)
  • Cambridge (Coldham's Common TL474583) 25 May 2015
  • Notable for the extraordinarily long antennae of the males, as seen here, and for their behaviour of "dancing" in groups beneath a tree.
  • The larvae feed on leaf litter.
  • NBN Atlas


Adela rufimitrella (Scopoli, 1763)

Adela rufimitrella
  • Family: Adelidae (BF: 152)
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street 30 May 2015
  • Distinguished by its brassy green forewings and yellow top-knot.
  • Larvae feed on cuckoo flower (Cardamine pratense) and garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata); adults visit the same flowers.
  • Sometimes listed as Cauchas rufimitrella.
  • NBN Atlas


Six-spot Burnet Zygaena filipendulae (Linnaeus, 1758)

Zygaena filipendulae
  • Family: Zygaenidae (BF: 169)
  • Cambridge, 29 Jul 2008
  • Often found on flowers such as knapweed during the day.
  • The larvae feed mainly on bird's-foot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus).
  • NBN Atlas
  • Enlarged image


Gracillaria syringella (Fabricius, 1794)

Gracillaria syringella
  • Family: Gracillariidae (BF: 293)
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street 25 May 2015
  • Very distinctively marked little moth.
  • Larvae are leaf-miners on privet (Ligustrum) and lilac (Syringa), and can be a pest by causing leaves to turn brown and curl up.
  • NBN Atlas


Currant Clearwing Synanthedon tipuliformis (Clerck, 1759)

Synanthedon tipuliformis
  • Family: Sesiidae (BF: 373)
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street 23 Jun 2001
  • Length (head to tail tufts): 9mm. Span (resting) 13mm
  • Larvae bore in stems on currant and gooseberry
  • NBN Atlas


Red-belted Clearwing Synanthedon myopaeformis (Borkhausen, 1789)

Synanthedon myopaeformis
  • Family: Sesiidae (BF: 379)
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street 26 Jul 2003
  • Larvae under bark of old fruit trees, especially apples
  • The apparent spine-like projections on the wing-tips must actually be its fore-wings tightly folded
  • NBN Atlas


Nettle-tap Anthophila fabriciana (Linnaeus, 1767)

Anthophila fabriciana
  • Family: Choreutidae (BF: 385)
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street 3 Jun 2002
  • Length: 5.5mm.
  • As the name indicates, the larvae feed on nettles
  • NBN Atlas


Cocksfoot Moth Glyphipterix simpliciella (Stephens, 1834)

Glyphipterix simpliciella
  • Family: Glyphipterigidae (BF: 391)
  • Cambridge, Coldhams Common TL473585; 25 May 2015
  • Tiny moth little more than 3mm long, visits buttercup flowers often in numbers.
  • Larvae eat the seeds of Cock's Foot grass (Dactylis glomerata)
  • NBN Atlas


Cherry Fruit Moth Argyresthia pruniella (Fabricius, 1777)

Argyresthia pruniella
  • Family: Yponomeutidae (BF: 420)
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street 12 Jun 2002
  • Larvae live in cherry fruit, can be a pest.
  • One of several Argyresthia spp. which adopt this head-down resting posture
  • NBN Atlas


Spindle ermine Yponomeuta cagnagella (Hübner, 1813)

Yponomeuta cagnagella
  • Family: Yponomeutidae (BF: 427)
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street 21 Jul 2001
  • Length (head to wing tips): 10mm.
  • Very similar to Y. padella and Y. malinella, this species has pure white ground to the forewings, including the wingtip cilia
  • Larvae feed on Spindle tree (Euonymus)
  • NBN Atlas


Diamondback Moth Plutella xylostella (Linnaeus, 1758)

Plutella xylostella
  • Family: Yponomeutidae (BF: 464)
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street 17 Jul 2001
  • Length (head to wing tips): 8mm.
  • Also known as Cabbage Moth, larvae can be a pest on cultivated brassica crops.
  • A noted migrant species which arrives in Britain in considerable numbers each spring to breed in the summer
  • NBN Atlas


Plutella porrectella (Linnaeus, 1758)

Plutella porrectella
  • Family: Yponomeutidae (BF: 465)
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street 12 Jul 2002
  • Larave feed on dame's violet (Hesperis matronalis).
  • Photograph rotated for convenience of presentation
  • NBN Atlas


Epermenia falciformis (Haworth, 1828)

Epermenia falciformis
  • Family: Epermeniidae (BF: 481)
  • Cambridge (Trumpington Meadows TL433543) 9 Jun 2015
  • Larvae feed on wild angelica (Angelica sylvestris) or ground-elder (Aegopodium podagraria), feeding in spun leaves or mining the stems.
  • NBN Atlas


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