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Tephritidae: Picture-winged Flies

There are some flies in other families with similar wing patterns, such as Trypetoptera punctulata.

Anomoia purmunda (Harris, 1776)

Anomoia purmunda Anomoia purmunda
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street, 24 Aug 2014.
  • Length (head + body) 4.5mm; wing span 10mm
  • This family of fruit-flies or "Picture wing" flies includes some which are serious pests such as the Med-Fly Ceratitis capitata.
  • In this species, the wings are carried in this front facing posture, perhaps as an attempt to look bigger or fiercer than it really is. The markings look vaguely spider like but would this really fool a potential predator? Maybe it is a mating display ...
  • Synonym: Phagocarpus purmundus
  • NBN Atlas.
  • Enlarged view

Campiglossa malaris (Séguy, 1934)

Campiglossa malaris
  • Cambridge, Trumpington Meadows, TL43325434. 9 Jun 2015.
  • Larvae on Ragworts (Senecio spp.)
  • NBN Atlas

Chetostoma curvinerve Rondani, 1856

Chetostoma curvinerve
  • Male, Cambridge, Gwydir Street. 21 Feb 2016
  • A large tephritid (this one 6.5mm). The prominent facial bristles of the males are used for wrestling.
  • Larval ecology is not known. Adults have mostly been observed in spring.
  • RDB2 with sightings concentrated in London and south-central England but others widely scattered. NBN Atlas.
  • This was the first sighting in VC29 received by the Tephritidae Recording Scheme.

Merzomyia westermanni (Meigen, 1826)

Merzomyia westermanni
  • Cambridge, Barnwell East LNR, TL479583. 28 Jul 2015.
  • Still listed on some sites under the former combination Icterica westermanni, sometimes listed twice. Placed as type species in new genus Merzomyia by Korneyev (1995).
  • Larvae on Senecio species, especially hoary ragwort (S. erucifolius).
  • Locally distributed in southern England reaching into the Midlands. NBN Atlas NBN Atlas (as Icterica).

Sphenella marginata (Fallén, 1814)

Sphenella marginata
  • Cambridge, Barnwell East LNR, TL479583. 28 Jul 2015
  • A female, the wing markings are different in the male. Its larvae mine the leaves of Groundsel, Ragwort, Mugwort and Tansy.
  • Larvae on Ragworts (Senecio spp.)
  • Southern England and Wales, especially in coastal areas. NBN Atlas.

Tephritis formosa (Loew, 1844)

Tephritis formosa
  • Female, Cambridge, Gwydir Street. 3 Aug 2015
  • Larvae on Sow-thistles, Hawksbeard and Catsear
  • Southern and Midlands. NBN Atlas.

Tephritis hyoscyami (Linnaeus, 1758)

Tephritis hyoscyami
  • Cambridge, Byron's Pool, TL43815486. 26 May 2015
  • Larvae on Carduus spp. - Musk Thistle and Welted Thistle
  • Widespread in Midlands and East Anglia, less so in southern counties. NBN Atlas.

Tephritis neesii (Meigen, 1830)

Tephritis neesii
  • Cambridge, Barnwell East LNR, TL479583. 28 Jul 2015
  • Larvae on Ox-eye Daisies (Leucanthemum vulgare) and other Compositae.
  • Widespread in England other than the West Country. NBN Atlas.

Terellia tussilaginis (Fabricius, 1775)

Terellia tussilaginis
  • Cambridge, Stourbridge Common TL46665960. 15 Jul 2014.
  • Larvae on Burdocks (Arctium spp.)
  • Widespread up to south Yorkshire. NBN Atlas.

Trypeta zoe Meigen, 1826

Trypeta zoe
  • Cambridge, Gwydir Street, 20 May 2001.
  • Length (head + body) 5mm
  • A female, the wing markings are different in the male. Its larvae mine the leaves of Groundsel, Ragwort, Mugwort and Tansy.
  • Syn: Euribia zoë, Spilographa zoë - the most recent ICZN mandates the removal of the diacritic marks.
  • Larvae on a wide range of Compositae.
  • NBN Atlas.

Urophora cardui (Linnaeus, 1758)

Urophora cardui Urophora cardui gall
  • Cambridge, Trumpington Meadows, TL433543. 2 Jun 2015.
  • Larva mainly on Creeping Thistle (Cirsium arvense) where they simulate the production of these drop-shaped galls at leaf-bases.
  • Common in southern England except the West Country. NBN Atlas.

Urophora stylata (Fabricius, 1775)

Urophora stylata
  • Cambridge, Coldham's Common, TL472593. 14 Jul 2015.
  • Larva on various Thistles (Cirsium sp.)
  • Widespread in England and south Wales, local in Scotland. NBN Atlas.

Platystomatidae: Signal flies

Platystoma seminationis (Fabricius, 1775)

Platystoma seminationis
  • Cambridge, Barnwell East LNR, TL479583. 7 Jul 2015.
  • Adults feed on nectar and pollen; larave on decaying vegetable material including compost heaps.
  • NBN Atlas.

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